Kirjoittaja Aihe: NATO's new cyber defence policy  (Luettu 982 kertaa)

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NATO's new cyber defence policy
« : ſyyskuu 03, 2014, 04:24:30 ip »
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  • Later this week, ministers are due to ratify NATO's new cyber defence policy. As exclusively revealed by ZDNet in June, the new policy means that a digital attack can now be considered as the equivalent of an attack with tanks or rockets — and thus could trigger NATO's collective defence clause.

    Known as Article 5, the clause states an attack against one member of NATO "shall be considered an attack against them all". This concept is at the very heart of the organisation — the largest military alliance in the world — making the decision to add coverage of cyber attacks to the clause a significant move.

    The new policy also includes some detail around cyber defence governance and how members would assist a country under cyber attack, plus the integration of cyber defence into operational planning, including civil emergency planning. NATO also wants to improve information sharing with industry.

    The change in policy reflects how digital attacks have become a common element of many military campaigns, and is intended as a deterrent, because until now it's not been entirely clear if, say, hacking a nation's power grid could be considered to be an act of war.

    As such, NATO will be hoping that by clarifying its policy it is issuing a warning to state-sponsored hackers, who have grown increasingly bold. But the new policy also leaves a number of tricky questions unanswered.

    Firstly, NATO hasn't set out what kind of attack would trigger an the collective defence clause, and some — a former supreme allied commander at NATO — argue the policy does not go far enough.

    That vagueness may be useful for its deterrent value, but in reality it may make it harder for the alliance to reach agreement about when to respond to a digital assault.

    And it's often very hard to tell who is responsible for a cyber attack, and any military situation is likely to include a range of attackers from hackers pursuing their own agenda or those with implicit government backing, and military cyber units. Working out who has done what is extremely hard.


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